The beautiful landscape of woods and country estates between the cities of Hengelo, Enschede and Oldenzaal in the eastern part of the Netherlands called Twente has been preserved from urbanisation thanks to the presence of a military airport. After the closure of this airport in 2003, two plans have been drawn up for this area based on the programmatic scenarios ‘Care and Cure’ and ‘A new regional civilian airport’. In 2009 the government bodies decided to develop a new regional airport because it contributes most to the objective: ‘The transformation of the present air base into a fly-wheel for an economically stronger and more sustainable Twente’. The basis of the military airport was laid on the former heathland at the beginning of the 20th century. From the end of the 19th century, the vast heathlands of Twente were reclaimed in a few decades to create woodland, country estates and agricultural land. The vastness of the former heathlands was thereby replaced by a landscape on a much smaller scale. The Twente air base, however, retained the enormous openness that was so characteristic of the former heathlands.